Is management necessary in the digital age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution?
JR Reagan tells about this in his lecture at a TEDx event. He is the Vice Dean at Endicott College of International Studies and is a global educator, entrepreneur, and executive in the field of technology – particularly in Industry 4.0. and Disruptive Innovation. He has over 25 years of industry experience in more than 40+ countries including senior leadership roles with organizations such as Deloitte, LivePerson, and First Union Bank.
We live in the age when computers can do things that are only able to do by humans before, but the transformation process has been going from 18s century till now. How did it begin?
We have had four revolutions:
- The first one beginning from the 17 to 1800s. In that time humans started to use machines, that could people to go faster and go to places they could never think about before the first revolution. In the first revolution, people created new industries like a locomotive. It was significant at that time.
- The second revolution was all about electricity. It allowed people to do things they couldn`t do before, particularly in management. It allowed to create factories and do things on an assembly line through the enablement of electricity that moved things on our behalf not just with expensive steam power but cheaper electricity.
- The third revolution happened in the 1960s, 70s to 80s. Finally, people had created the microchip, the computer. That now could do things faster than earlier. People had had the opportunity to do different types of activities in the management world by machines.
- The fourth one is the Industrial Revolution, which was all in the midst of right now. 4.0 Industrial Revolution bringing together the physical and digital world. We have transferred the manual part of what we have done to the computer and added intelligence.
Korea is the highest density of robots in factories in an entire world. What is the role of the manager at the factory full of robots? It`s call orchestration. Managers in the Fourth Industrial Revolution don`t become organizers, they become orchestrators.
Another fundamental piece of management is marketing. People decide to buy something at 4 Ps:
To make a decision we can use artificial intelligence to help us. Some places it`s doing better than us, but the computer can`t think better than us.
Management and organization are just that humans orchestrated.
Artificial intelligence helps us to create a strategy and do things better than a human, but become the question – Can computers beat us at our own game? The answer is: "Maybe".
In China have created the first 24-hour Artificial Intelligence newscaster. This could be your new coworker or boss. In the fourth Industrial Revolution, things can think like humans that help us, but when we look at the face of Artificial intelligence on TV, we don`t feel that we are looking into a human. The challenge for us it to trust Artificial Intelligence. If they gave us a decision, think to do, would we trust them, see them as a leader or this role will be only for humans?
So management is not dead, it`s entirely necessary to this new world we live in. Artificial intelligence helps us to be better, to make our organization better, but we need a great manager, leaders, strategists.
In the 4.0 Revolution management, we don`t do different management, but we will do this differently.